AÇIKYILDIZ-ŞENGÜL Birgül

acikyildiz-birgul

Chercheur associée à l’Institut français d’études anatoliennes Georges Dumézil d’Istanbul (IFEA). Elle a reçu les bourses postdoctorales de Barakat Trust et d’Aga Khan et travaillé comme chercheur post-doctorante aux Universités d’Oxford et Harvard. Elle était directrice de Département d’Histoire de l’Art et vice-doyen de la Faculté des Beaux Arts à l’Université de Mardin Artuklu en Turquie. Elle a été enseignante invitée aux Universités de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne et Hacettepe.

Ses travaux de recherche se situent en particulier sur l’architecture des communautés religieuses de Mésopotamie; culture et art yézidis; Art islamique médiéval, modernisation et architecture ottomanes.

Affiliations :

– Membre de l’équipe du Centre de Recherches Interdisciplinaires en Sciences humaines et Sociales de Montpellier (C.R.I.S.E.S.), Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier III (E.A. 4424).

logo CRISES

– Chercheur associé à l’Institut français d’études anatoliennes Georges Dumézil d’Istanbul (IFEA) depuis 2010.

ifea logoEnseignement :

Université de Mardin Artuklu, Département d’histoire de l’art et architecture (2010-2016)

Université Hacettepe, Faculté des beaux arts (2009-2010)

Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Département de histoire de l’art (2008-2009)

Université d’Oxford, Centre de recherche Khalili (2007-2008)

Diplômes :

2006 : Doctorat de histoire de l’art, Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. Sujet : Patrimoine des Yézidis: Architecture et  sculptures funéraires en Irak, en Turquie et en Arménie. Sur direction d’Alastair Northedge, Professeur Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne.

2002 : D.E.A., Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. Sujet : Les Yézidis et le Sanctuaire du Cheikh ‘Adī. Sur direction d’Alastair Northedge, Professeur à l’Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne.

1997 : D.E.A., Université Hacettepe, Sujet : 19. Yüzyıl Osmanlı Mimarlığında Neo-Gotik Üslup (Le style néo-gothique dans l’architecture ottomane du 19ème Siècle). Sur la direction de Günsel Renda, Professeur à l’Université de Koç, Istanbul.

1994 : Licence, Université Hacettepe, Département d’histoire de l’art.

PRINCIPALES PUBLICATIONS

Ouvrages :

  • The Yezidis: The History of a Community, Culture and Religion, London & New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers, 2010.

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Présentation de l’éditeur :
Yezidism is a fascinating part of the rich cultural mosaic of the Middle East. Yezidis emerged for the first time in the 12th century in the Kurdish mountains of northern Iraq. Their religion, which has become notorious for its associations with ‘devil worship’, is in fact an intricate syncretic system of belief, incorporating elements from proto-Indo-European religions, early Persian faiths like Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, Sufism and regional paganism like Mithraism. Birgul Acikyildiz offers a comprehensive appraisal of Yezidi religion, society and culture. Her book examines Yezidis not only from a religious point of view but as a historical and social phenomenon. She throws light on the origins of Yezidism, and charts its historical development – from its beginnings to the present – as part of the general history of the Kurds. The author describes the Yezidi belief system (which considers Melek Taus – the ‘Peacock Angel’ – to be ruler of the earth) and its religious practices and observances, analysing the most important facets of Yezidi religious art and architecture and their relationship to their neighbours throughout the Middle East. Richly illustrated, with accompanying maps, photographs and illustrations, the book will have strong appeal to all those with an interest in the culture of the Kurds, as well as the wider region.

Ezidiler: Bir Toplumun, Kültürün ve Dinin Tarihi, İstanbul: Alfa Yayınları, 2015.

ezidiÊzidîler : Semboller, İnanç, Tarih ve Katliamlar, Kürt Tarihi, Istanbul, décembre 2014), (s. dir. Birgül Açıkyıldız-Şengül. Articles : Birgül Açıkyıldız-Şengül, Edip Gölbaşı, Mamou Othman, Xelîl Cindî Reşo, Fahriye Adsay, Kadri Yıldırım).

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Monographies sous contrat et en préparation :

Les Yézidis, Christian Cannuyer (éd), Collection Fils d’Abraham, Turnhout : Brebols Publishers (à paraître fin 2017).

Mardin : A City at the Crossroads of 19th-Century Transformations. (Mardin : Une ville au carrefour des transformation du 19ème) (à paraître en 2018).

Contributions à des ouvrages collectifs et articles scientifiques :

  • “The Yezidis”, in Routledge Handbook on Middle Eastern Minorities, Paul Rowe (ed.), Oxford: Routledge (à paraître en 2017).
  • “Sharafiyya Complex in Bidlis: Rethinking of Local History in Islamic Architecture,” in Festschrift for ….. (à paraître en 2017).
  • “Mardin in the Post-Tanzimat Era: Heritage, Changes and Formation of an Urban Landscape” (à paraître en 2017).
  • “Mardin’de Etno-Dinsel Yapı ve Konut Mimarisine Yansımaları” (Ethno-religious   Compositon in Mardin and Its Reflections on the Domestic Architecture)(à paraître en 2017).
  • “Architects and Stone Masons of Mardin: Builders and Maintainers of a Vernacular Tradition” (à paraître en 2017).
  • “Missionary Movements and Their Buildings in Mardin” (à paraître en 2017).
  • “Manifestation of the Yezidi Identity: Cemetery, Symbol, and Memory” (à paraître en 2017).
  • “From Yezidism to Islam: Religious Architecture of Mahmudi Dynasty in Khoshāb”, Iran and Caucasus (à paraître fin 2016).
  • “Ortadoğu’da Kadim Halk Ezidiler”, Mardin Kültür, Sanat ve Turizm Dergisi 2 (2015): 60-63.
  • “Cizre Kırmızı Medrese: Mimari, İktidar ve Tarih”, Kebikeç 38 (2014): 169-198.
  • “Êzidîlik Dininde Melek Tavus İnancı ve İkonografisi”, Kürt Tarihi 15 (2014) : 10-17.
  • “Êzidiler”, Kürt Tarihi 15 (2014): 6-9.
  • “Cultural Interaction between Anatolia and Mosul in the Case of Yezidi Architecture”, in Deniz Beyazıd (ed.), At the Crossroads of Empires: 14th and 15th Century Anatolia, Paris and Istanbul: Varia Anatolica, 2012, pp. 148-164.
  • “Sacred Spaces in the Yezidi Religion”, in C. Gates, J. Morin, and T. Zimmerman (eds.), Sacred Landscapes in Anatolia and Neighboring Regions (Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 2009), pp. 103-112.
  • “Gürcü, Ermeni, Süryani ve Yezidi Sanatları İncelemeleri Bibliyografyası”, Türkiye Araştırmaları Literatür Dergisi 7/14 (2009): 171-205.
  • “The Sanctuary of Sheikh ‘Adī at Lalish: Centre of Pilgrimage of the Yezidis”, The Bulletin of School of Oriental and African Studies 72/2 (2009): 302-333.
  • “Yezidis”, in Richard Lim, ed. Another Look at East and Southeast Turkey. A Traveller’s Handbook (Istanbul: GABB, 2009), pp. 324-27
  • “Le Yézidisme, son patrimoine architectural et ses stèles funéraires”, The Journal of Kurdish Studies VI (2008) : 93-103.
  • “À la rencontre des Yézidis”, Passerelles 30 (2005) : 143-161.

Communications à des colloques internationaux :

  • “Religion et culture yézidies dans son contexte historique et contemporain”, International Colloquium, Continuités et porosités culturelles et religieuses en Mésopotamie, de l’antiquité a nos jours, 13-14 January 2017, Paris.
  • “Historiography, Material Culture and Ideology : Representation of the Van-Bitlis Region in the Turkish Historiography”, International Conference, The Social, Cultural and Economic History of Van and the Region, 11-12 November 2016, Istanbul.
  • “Les Moulins historiques d’Amida”, Workshop International Amida 2016, 11-12 October 2015, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme de Montpellier.
  • “Mardin Urban Fabric and Its Historical Buildings”, Seminar at Selahaddin Eyyubi University, 24 March 2016, Diyarbakır.
  • “Manifestation of the Yezidi Identity: Cemetery, Symbol, and Memory”, International Colloquium. Current Researches on the Yezidis and Minorities in the Kurdish Speaking Regions, 1-2 Nisan 2016, Paris.
  • “19. Yüzyıl Mardin Mimarisi” (Mardin Architecture in the 19th Century), Conference of Mardin Archeology Museum, Müzeler Yaşamları Değiştirebilir, 15 June 2015, Mardin.
  • “Êzidî Dini, Kültürü ve Kimliği” (Yezidi Religion, Culture and Identity), National Colloquium Tarihten Günümüze Êzidîler ve Dramları, Mardin Artuklu University, 17 August 2014, Mardin.
  • “Tradition & Modernity in 19th-Century Mardin” Workshop of Mardin: A City Built in Stone, Harvard University, Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture (AKPIA), 10 May 2013, Cambridge.
  • “Architecture of Mardin in the 19th Century: A Story of Modernisation”, 20th Ciépo Symposium – New Trends in Ottoman Studies, Rethymno, Crete, Greece, 27 June-1 July 2012.
  • “Art Education in Academy”, Mardin Artuklu University 2011-2012 Opening Lecture, 18March 2011, Mardin.
  • “Towards a Definition of Kurdish Art: Methodological Approaches”, Knowledge Through Interdisciplinarity in the Social Sciences: Comparing Perspectives and Sharing Experiences from Turkey and the UK Symposium, Exeter University, Institute for Arab and Islamic Studies, 22 June 2011, Exeter.
  • “Architecture of Mardin in the 19th Century”, paper presented on the 17 March 2011, International Architecture, Culture and Science Symposium (Harvard University and Mardin Artuklu University Collaboration), Mardin.
  • “Yezidis in Mardin and Surroundings”, International Ömerli-Ömeran Symposium, Mardin Artuklu University, 13-15 May 2011, Mardin.
  • “Yezidi Material Culture”, International Symposium, Duhok University, 1-3 June 2011, Duhok, Iraq.
  • “History, Architecture and Art in Mesopotamia”, paper presented at the Seminar of Humain, Society and Civilisation, Mardin Artuklu University, 13 October 2010, Mardin.
  • “Western Influences on Ottoman Architecture in the 19th Century”, paper presented at Bilkent University, Department of Archaeology and History of Art, 15 October 2008, Ankara.
  • “The Fluted Conical Dome in the Yezidi Architecture of northern Iraq and its Origin”, paper presented at the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 17April 2008, London.
  • “The Yezidis: Towards the Sun”, paper presented at the International Conference on Sacred landscapes in Anatolia and its neighbouring regions, Department of Archaeology and History of Art, Faculty of Humanities and Literature of Bilkent University, 18-20 October 2007, Ankara.
  • “Yezidi Zoomorphic Tombstones in Turkey and Armenia”, paper presented in the School of Oriental and African Studies of London University, 6June 2007, London.
  • “Cultural Interaction between Anatolia and Mosul in the Case of Yezidi Architecture”, paper presented at the International Conference on Eastern Turkey of 14-15th Centuries, French Anatolian Research Institute, 4-6 May 2007, Istanbul.
  • “Patrimony of the Yezidis in Turkey, Irak and Armenia”, paper presented at the International Conference on Yezidism in Transition-Communities at Home and in the Diaspora, Frobenius Institute, JW Goethe University, 12-15 April 2007, Frankfurt.
  • “Yezidi Art and Architecture in northern Iraq, Turkey and Armenia” paper presented in the Khalili Research Centre at Oxford University, 20 February 2007, Oxford.
  • “Les Yézidis: Histoire et Culture”, paper presented at the Kurdish Institute in Paris, 30November, 2002, Paris.

Participation personnelle à des projet et à des fouilles archéologiques

  • Les jardins de l’Hevsel à Amida/Diyarbakir: théories et pratiques pour une croissance alternative (The Gardens of the Hevsel in Amida/Diyarbakir: Theory and Practice for an Alternative Development), Project supported by Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3 University, directed by Dr. Martine Assénat and Dr. Hélène Ilbert (2016-).
  • Directrice du projet Mardin intitulé Architecture in the 18th and 19th Centuries, soutenu par l’Université de Mardin Artuklu, Projet de recherche scientifique, 2011-2013.
  • Chercheur dans le projet intitulé Cultural Formations of Memory and Identity in the Context of Kırmızı Madrasa in Turkey, soutenu par l’Université de Mardin Artuklu, Projet de recherche scientifique, dirigé par Dr. Serdar Şengül, 2012-2013.
  • Assistante pour le projet de publication du livre intitulé Cultural Heritage in the Towns of Birecik, Halfeti, Suruç, Bozova and Rumkale, (Ankara: GAP, 1999), é par la Prof. Aynur Durukan.
  • Assistante pour le projet de publication du livre intitulé, Mersin Evleri, (Maisons traditionnelles de Mersin) (Ankara: T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı, 1995), é par la Prof. Filiz Yenişehirlioğlu.
  • Assistante de recherches for the Excavation of the Church of Saint Nicholas in Demre-Antalya under the direction of Prof. Yıldız Ötüken, 1993-1995.
  • Assistante de recherche dans le projet intitulé Gaziantep Kalesi, (Citadelle de Gaziantep) sous la direction du Prof. Mustafa Akpolat.
  • Assistante de recherche dans le projet intitulé Geleneksel Divriği Evleri (Maisons traditionnelles de Divriği) sous la direction du Prof. Mustafa Akpolat.

Jurys de thèse de D.E.A. et doctorat :

  • 2016 – Rojat Aksoy, membre du comité de thèse, “Diyarbakır’da Güncel Kentsel Mekân Üretim Sürecinde Rol Oynayan Aktörler” (Contributory Aktors in the Current Urban Space Production Process of Diyarbakir), Université de Mardin Artuklu, Institue de science, These de doctorat, Mardin.
  • 2016 – Nurgül Çelebi, membre du comité de mémoire, “Süryanilerde Dini Sembolizm” Religious Symbolism in Syrians, Mardin Artuklu University, Institute of Living Languages, MA Thesis, Mardin.
  • 2015 – Elif Ceylan Erol, deuxieme directrice de mémoire, “Şanlıurfa’da Geç Osmanlı Dönemi Kamu Yapıları (Mektep ve Hastaneler)” (Late Ottoman Period Public Buildings at Şanlıurfa (Schools and Hospi̇tals), Université Hacettepe, Institue de science social, mémoire de D.E.A., Ankara.
  • 2011 – Fahriye Adsay, membre du comité de mémoire, “Kültürel Sınırların Edilgen Taşıyıcıları, Kadınlar: Viranşehir Yezidileri Örneği” (The Passive Maintainers of Cultural Boundaries, Women: The Sample of Viransheir Yezidis), Université de Dicle, Institue de science social, mémoire de D.E.A., Diyarbakır.

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